Turkmen Rugs from the McCormack Collection

Arabachi chuval

Peter Pap Oriental Rugs presenets

Turkmen Rugs

from the Dr. Timothy McCormack Collection

 

 

Middle Amu Darya Area chuval

rug ID# 19336

4'8"x3'3"

 

SOLD

Middle Amu Darya chuval 19336

This remarkable Turkmen tent bag or 'chuval' combines tribal motifs with Central Asian textile traditions. Using exceptionally soft wool and superb saturated color, bands of ornament are drawn across the field. Foreground and background meld within the field as the saturated madder of the sides, top, and bottom portions gives way to alternating light and dark stripes. The fundamentals of this striated design may be traced to patterns originating in silk Central Asian 'ikat' textiles produced in urban centers such as Bukhara and traded throughout the region. While the majority of the diamond and hexagonal ornament seen here may also be traced to silk ikat models, one particular element, a cruciform terminating in latch-hooks, has deep roots within the weaving traditions of the nomads of Central Asia. The bottom skirt panel or 'elem' similarly draws a comb-like device seen in several groups of Turkmen weavings.

Condition report: sides re-wrapped. Very minor re-knotting

Bashir torba fragment

Rug ID# 19416

3'9"x1'7"

 

$5800 

 Bashir ikat

An older rendition of an ikat inspired design, this fragment in our opinion is more likely a bag than a small rug. Wool is magnificicently soft and supple with excellent color. 

Condition report: top missing, re-wrapped sides, scattered moth damage

Ersari chuval

Rug ID# 19342

5'11"x3'7"

 

$9500

minakhani chuval

magenta silk highlights 

Condition report: Original selivedges have areas of damage with small loss on the sides, small scattered repairs, patch at bottom of elem, corrosion of silk

Ersari chuval

Rug ID# 19361

5'5"x3'1"

 

SOLD 

 

 minakhani chuval

Blue silk highlights  

Condition report: Loss of original selvedges, re-wrapped over edge. Discoloration at top, small reweave, slight moth damage, dog-eared corner



Bashir chuval

Rug ID# 19383

4'9"x3'0"

 

SOLD

19383 Bashir chuval

Using complimentary vivid tones of red and blue, this dynamic Bashir Turkmen chuval draws an assortment of graphic bands, some wider and some narrower, against a madder red field. Various types of banded tent bags are known in the corpus of Turkmen weaving. Many of these draw knotted pile bands against a flatwoven ground. While all pile banded Turkmen bags such as this from the Middle Amu Darya region of Central Asia may have some relationship to banded Tekke and Eagle Group pieces from further west in Central Asia, the aesthetic seen in the former represents a unique local phenomenon. This example is particularly accomplished using soft lustrous wool pile and saturated color. Exquisitely drawn and organized, sections are highlighted with white cotton knots. Of particular merit and interest is the construction of this piece which uses brown, tan, and blue wool, as well as copious white cotton weft.  

 

Condition report: sides recast, minor loss to bottom, top left corner cut and mended, several splits mended and patches inserted.

Bashir chuval

rug ID# 19340

6'2"x3'9"

 

$2800 
 19340 Bashir chuvalThis extra large Bashir Turkmen tent bag draws a field derived from Central Asian ikat textile design. The particular ikat pattern seen here with an abstract lattice and elongated lobed elements formed from negative space is frequently seen on large format chuvals. Such weavings often use a darker burgundy madder red ground and utilize particularly soft wool. These pieces were woven in the Middle Amu Day region of Central Asia from the middle to the end of the 19th century. During the beginning of the 19th century we see the design in Afghan Turkmen weaving as various Turkmen tribes crossed the Oxus River seeking refuge from encroaching Czarist Russian forces. The alternating trees drawn in the bottom 'elem' panel of this example as well as the row of flowering shrubs seen at the top are particularly well rendered. 

Bashir chuval

rug ID# 19339

$4250

19339 Bashir Chuval

This graphic Turkmen large tent bag or chuval reflects the cultural richness of Central Asia. The central column of three polygonal devices drawn in the middle of the field along with the shimmering wave-like bands flanking them on both sides are each derived from fine silk and cotton 'ikat' textiles woven in the urban centers of the region and traded throughout. The nomadic tribal weaver of this Bashir chuval has integrated these elements combining them with her own tribal nomadic aesthetic. The branches of the abstracted trees of the bottom 'elem' panel culminate with stylized rams' horn ornament in classic Turkmen fashion. Similar devices are traced at the narrower band at the top of the piece as well as both sides. 

Condition report: minor end loss in one corner of elem panel at bottom.

Bashir chuval

rug ID# 19335

5'3"x3'2"

 

$3000

 19335 Bashir chuvalUsing near perfect scale and spacing this large Bashir chuval draws inspiration from both Turkmen tribal weavings as well as more formal Central Asian textile traditions. Within the deep red madder field a central column of three heaxagonal devices flanked on both sides by energetic zig-zagging bands can all be traced to silk ikat textile design from urban ateliers in what is now Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The delicate rams' heads terminating from the thin latch-hook devices of the sides and top panel, however, are hallmarks of Ersari and other Turkmen groups from the Middle Amu Darya region of Central Asia as are the rendering of the eight-ponted stars of the bottom 'elem' skirt panel and the linked clover border. 

Ersari chuval

rug ID# 19349

4'4"x2'8"

 

$4200

Ersari chuval 19349 Condition report: Silk highlights, Sewn splits, loss to top, selvedge repair, scattered moth damage
   

 Ersari chuval

rug ID# 19554

4'9"x3'0"

 


 Ersari chuval 19554 

Ersari chuval

Rug ID# 19405

4'0"x3'0"

 

SOLD

 Ersari chuval 

 

  

Ersari chuval

Rug ID#  

 Ersari chuval 

Ersari chuval

Rug ID# 19350

 Ersari chuval 
   

Ersari trapping

Rug ID# 19521

6'3"x1'11"

 

SOLD 

 Ersari trapping 

Ersari rug

Rug ID# 19526

 

$3500

 Ersari or Kizyl Ayak rug 

Kizyl Ayak chuval

Rug ID# 19346

4'7"x3'7"

 

$3200

 19346 Kizyl Ayak chuval  

Kizyl Ayak chuval

Rug ID# 19555

4'6"x2'7" 
 19555 Kizyl Ayak chuval  

Kizyl Ayak chuval

Rug ID# 19404

2'9"x4'7"

 19404 Kizyl Ayak chuval  
Kizyl Ayak torba

Rug ID# 19367

3'7"x1'2"

 

SOLD

 19367 Kizyl Ayak torba  

Arabachi chuval

Rug ID# 19362

4'4"x2'1"

 

$11,500

 19362 Arabachi chuval

An older almost classical strain of Turkmen weaving is preserved in the rugs, bags, and trappings of the Arabachi. This large tent bag, or chuval, represents a case in point. While in most instances, various Turkmen groups used distinct types of guls, mainly quartered repeat medallions, on their bags and on their main carpets, respectively, the Arabachi gul used in the group of chuvals that this piece belongs to represents a much older archaic variety of main carpet ornament lost by the 19th century in its original context. The octagonal minor guls seen here likewise reflect an older connection to classical Holbein variant carpets of the 15th and 16th centuries which once proliferated in Timurid weaving traditions from Central Asia to Anatolia and beyond. True to form, this pieces uses a classic identifiably Arabachi autumnal palette and construction with asymmetrical knots open to the left and camel and cotton weft. Each gul is highlighted in the center with knots of pink silk. Drawing is spot on and the wool used for this piece is unusually supple for an Arabachi. 

Condition report: Selvedges not original. The majority of bottom 'elem' panel is missing.
Silk highlights in two colors.

   

Arabachi chuval 

Rug ID# 19409

4'8"x2'6"

 

$5500

 19409 Arabachi chuval

Arabachi group pieces have a special place within the history of Turkmen weaving. Recognizable by their distinctive color pallet and construction, Arabachis often retain features of older more archaic drawing. this Arabachi Turkmen chuval draws classic 'chula guls' with a 'chemcheh' minor variant that is sometimes seen on main carpets. The incomplete elem, or bottom panel, preserves remnants of stylized trees agains a deep plum ground. The dark madder ground is modulated throughout switching from plum to chocolate, and tones of brick red. The use of several shades of blue as well as a madder-derived orange indicate that this piece most likely dates to before the late 19th century at which time the palette of these pieces becomes less diverse and a synthetic derived orange is frequently used. In keeping with Arabachi structure, this piece is symmetrically knotted open left and uses cotton and camel wool weft. 

Condition report: Selvedges not original, loss to elem

   

Chodor torba

Rug ID# 19364

3'10"x1'5"

 

$7500

 Chodor torba 
   

Saryk chuval

Rug ID#19411

4'3"x3'1"

$3800

 Saryk chuvalCondition report: Selvedges not original, isolated moth damage
   
Saryk chuval

Rug ID# 19352

4'5"x2'8"

 

$2000

 Saryk chuval 19352 
   

Tekke chuval

Rug ID# 19351

3'8"x2'6"

 

$3100

 Tekke chuval 19351

This fine Turkmen tent bag displays the precision for which Tekke weaving is renowned. Against a vibrant madder red ground twenty-four chuval guls with cruciform centers alternate with 'columns of linked chemcheh' minors. A forest of flowering tress is drawn in the bottom 'elem' panel. This is a stellar example of Tekke Turkmen weaving.

Condition report: some loss to outer guard borders on both sides and bottom

   
Tekke chuval

Rug ID# 19376

3'8"x2'6"

 

$3500

 Tekke chuval 19376

This luxurious 'turreted gul' chuval represents the "Cadillac production" of Tekke weaving. Perhaps in an attempt to compete with Salor or Saryk Turkmen tent bags, this piece uses a rich madder red punctuated with highlight of cochineal silk throughout and areas of white cotton at the bottom. Weaving is precise and crisp and color superb. The 'elem' skirt draws a magical forest of stylized flowering trees. 

Condition report: loss to both sides, even wear throughout, small hole and wear in bottom 'elem' panel.

   
Tekke rug

Rug ID# 19348

2'9"x3'1"

 

$2500


 Tekke rug 19438

Small Tekke Turkmen rugs, often described within the literature as 'wedding rugs' are relatively well known within the collector community. While most of these pieces date from the late 19th century, earlier examples are certainly known as well. This small Tekke rug, however, may be an entirely different animal. Indeed, at just over two feet long (excluding the kilim ends) this piece may represent a completely different type of rug and its exact utility remains unclear. While using a classic Tekke rose-madder ground, there is evidence of smoke damage and the natural brown pile has lightened a bit. Might this suggest that it may have been hung in a yurt or used in some way as a trapping, bag, or perhaps a cradle? Whatever the case, it is clearly an accomplished weaving with precise drawing and an exceptional velvet-like handle. 'Banner guls', more typically seen on small Tekke tent bags such as mafrashes, repeat across the field along with delicate 'chemcheh' minors linked vertically by small poles. Other features of drawing as well seem more in tune with Tekke bags and trappings rather than rugs. The curled-leaf 'ashik' border seen on the sides of this small rug is more generally seen in older Tekke ensis and the arrow border seen on the top and bottom may be seen in Tekke 'ok-bashes'. 

Condition report: border loss both sides, selvedges not original, and visible damage to the kilim ends.


 

Tekke torba


Rug ID#  

 6 gul Tekke torba 
Tekke torba

Rug ID# 19354

4'3"x1'3"


$4000

 Tekke torba  
   
Tekke torba

Rug ID# 19379

3'10"x1'6"

 

$5500

 Tekke torba 19379 
   
Tekke torba

Rug ID# 19360

4'1"x1'11"

 

$3500

 Tekke torba 
   
Tekke chuval

Rug ID# 19353

4'7"x4'1"

 

$2200

 Tekke chuval 19353 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19375

3'8"x2'6"

 

$4500

 Yomut chuval 19375

Yomut weavings are an incredibly diverse Turkmen group incorporating several types of weaves and a variety of color palettes. This Yomut 'chuval' tent bag face spaciously draws a field of classic chuval guls with striped 'chemcheh' minors. The use of asymmetrical knots open to the right allowed the weaver increased precision to draw a spectacularly crisp and open composition. This fineness of weave is matched by a subtle but vibrant saturation of color giving a fabulous sense of depth. 

Condition report: selvedges not original,some loss to corners and a small patch, and isolated moth damage.

   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19386

3'5"x1'10"

 

$1800

  Yomut chuval 19386 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19389

3'11"x2'7"

 

$2500

 Yomut chuval 19389

This classic Yomut Turkmen tent bag is imbued with a subtle but definite sense of sophistication. Drawing is crisp and open with a notion of depth being conveyed when the large primary repeat 'guls' of the field are contrasted with the more slender almost ethereal minors. The border is a classic Yomut Turkmen variant. Here it is skillfully drawn with a highly curvilinear rendering of the reciprocal so-called 'running dog' guard, particularly at the top and bottom. Color is is saturated with excellent pairings of lighter and darker tones. The bottom 'elem' panel appears at first glance to be blank. Upon further inspection, however, one may see that it is speckled with small triangular blue and green ornament traced in a vibrant madder red. This chuval is symmetrically knotted. 

Condition report: two small areas with foundation showing in center, selvedges not original.

   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19392

3'4"x2'7"

 

$2500

 Yomut chuval 19392This classic Yomut Turkmen chuval draws iconic quartered 'guls' alternating with cruciform minors against a brick-red madder ground. Color is enhanced through copious use of sky-blue. Of special merit here are the subtle proportions of the guls of the field and in particular how those of the center column are more elongated than those of the sides. The trident tipped motifs in the bottom 'elem' panel are a variant that is far less seen in these tent bags as well. 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19399

3'1"x2'5"

 

$1800

 Yomut chuval 19399 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19400

3'9"x2'6"


$3800

 Yomut chuval 19400 A so-called "P-Chodor" type
Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19401

4'0"x3'0"

 

$3500

 Yomut chuval 19401 

Yomut chuval

Rug ID

#19408

3'9"x2'7"



Yomut chuval 19408 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19417

3'10"x2'10"

 

$2800

Yomut chuval 19417The size and scale of drawing seen on this Yomut chuval are both larger than generally encountered. Using an autumnal color palette more typically seen in Chodor or Arabachi Turkmen groups, the weave and drawing of this piece are classically Yomut. Quartered 'chuval guls' are paired with alternating rows of 'chemcheh' minors. The border is made up of repeat boxes containing flowering shrubs while stylized trees are drawn in the bottom 'elem' skirt. Both warp and weft are made from un-dyed brown wool in keeping with the general color and mood of the piece. 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19419

3'8"x2'7"

Yomut chuval 19419 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID# 19422

3'7"x2'7"

 

$4300

Yomut chuval 19422 
   

Yomut chuval

Rug ID#

Yomut chuval 
   

Yomut torba

Rug ID# 19361

5'5"x3'1"

 

$5500

Yomut torba 19361 
   

Yomut asmalyk

Rug ID# 19374

3'10"x2'4"

 

$3500

Yomut asmalyk 19374An asmalyk is a pendant shaped Turkmen camel trapping used on either side of the animal, especially during wedding processions. This Yomut Turkmen asmalyk draws one of the most popular designs of the type, a field of white cruciform-shaped 'ashiks' encapsulated by an all encompassing lattice against a white ground. A second variety of ashik ornament is repeated against the green border. Of particular merit is the drawing of colorful elongated diamonds at the curved peak of the piece.

Yomut asmalyk

Rug ID# 19372

 

$6500


 Yomut asmalyk 

Yomut asmalyk

Rug ID#

Yomut asmalyk 19375 
   

Ersari ensi

Rug ID# 19559

4'2"x5'2"

 

$2800

Ersari Ensi 
   

Yomut ensi

Rug ID# 19344

4'3"x5'6"

 

$5500

Yomut ensi 19344 
   

Saryk ensi

Rug ID# 19544

3'8"x5'3"

 

SOLD

 Saryk Ensi McCormack Collection

The ensi is arguably the most distinctive form of Turkmen weaving. These door rugs employ a highly articulated structure with a very specific set of ornament. Saryk ensis are particularly iconic using deep madder red and distinctive vegetal forms. These flowering trees are often replicated in Turkmen jewelry and conjure notions either implicitly or explicitly of fertility and abundance. These themes are reinforced in the various rams' head finials extending from curved and oscilating linear structures. This  exceptional example is woven with surprisingly soft and supple wool. This excellence of materials compounded with precise drawing and spacing, and superior saturated color point to a date of the mid 19th century at the latest.

Condition report: Sides re-wrapped, loss of side guard borders including 'etek' rams' horns, loss of plain outer guard borders at both ends, rewoven area, scattered repiling.