Textiles from the Silk Road

  

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
8th century
Geography:
Egypt or Syria
Medium:
Silk; samite
Dimensions:
Textile: H. 8 1/4 in. (21 cm) W. 11 in. (28 cm) Mount: H. 12 in. (30.5 cm) W. 14 3/4 in. (37.5 cm) D. 1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Hayford Peirce, 1987
Accession Number:
1987.440.1

Provenance

[ Giorgio Sangiorgi, Rome, by 1906–34; sold to Peirce]; Mrs. Hayford Peirce, San Diego, CA (1934–87)

  
  

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
5th–6th century
Geography:
Iran
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
8.5 in. high 8.00 in. wide (21.6 cm high 20.3 cm wide)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1907
Accession Number:
07.243.2

Textile Fragment with Hunting Scene

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
8th century
Geography:
Egypt or Syria
Medium:
Silk; samite
Dimensions:
Textile: H. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm) W. 6 3/4 in. (17.1 cm) Mount: H. 13 3/4 in. (34.9 cm) W. 10 1/4 in. (26 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1951
Accession Number:
51.57

Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

Inscription: Above the heads of the figures is an inscription in kufic (bismallah).



  
  

Textile fragment with ducks in roundel

Period:
early Islamic
Date:
ca. 8th–9th century A.D.
Geography:
Central Asia or Caucasus region
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
H. 6.3 in. (17.1 cm); W. 8 in. (20.3 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Nanette B. Kelekian, in memory of Charles Dikran and Beatrice Kelekian, 1999
Accession Number:
1999.325.230
  
  

Textile fragment with ducks in roundels

Period:
early Islamic
Date:
ca. 8th–9th century A.D.
Geography:
Central Asia or Caucasus region
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
H. 8 in. (20.3 cm); W. 10 1/2 in. (26.7 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Nanette B. Kelekian, in memory of Charles Dikran and Beatrice Kelekian, 1999
Accession Number:
1999.325.229
  
  

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
8th–9th century
Geography:
Egypt or Syria
Medium:
Silk; samite
Dimensions:
Textile: H. 6 1/8 in. (15.5 cm) W.7 5/16 in. (18.5 cm) Mount: H. 9 7/8 in. (25.1 cm) W. 10 3/4 in. (27.3 cm) D. 1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1917
Accession Number:
17.22.1

Provenance

[ Dikran G. Kelekian, New York, until 1917; sold to MMA]

  
  
 
  
  
 
  
  

Medallion from a Tunic

Object Name:
Medallion
Date:
6th–7th century
Geography:
Syria
Medium:
Silk; samite (weft-faced compound twill)
Dimensions:
Textile: H. 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm) W. 7 7/8 in. (20 cm) Mount: H. 12 3/4 in. (32.4 cm) W. 11 1/2 in. (29.2 cm) D. 1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1927
Accession Number:
27.58.1

[ Adolph Loewi, Venice, until 1927; sold to MMA]

  
  


  
  
 

Textile with Pearl Roundels with Dragons

Date:
late 8th–9th century
Culture:
China or Central Asia
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
Max height (warp): 18 1/8in. (46cm) Max width (weft): 24 7/16in. (62.1cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, Barbara and William Karatz Gift, 1998
Accession Number:
1998.147
  
  
 

Textile with Floral Medallion

Period:
Tang dynasty (618–907)
Date:
late 8th–early 9th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Woven silk: weft-faced compound twill
Dimensions:
Overall: 24 x 28 in. (61 x 71.1 cm) Mount (with plexi cover): 28 3/4 x 32 1/2 in. (73 x 82.6 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1996
Accession Number:
1996.103.1

Description

An arrangement of floral medallions interspersed with quatrefoil motifs was one of the dominant textile patterns of the High Tang period (roughly the first half of the eighth century). A textile with a similar large floral medallion has been preserved as part of the Shôsô-in collection from the mid-eighth-century imperial repository in Nara, Japan. However, an aspect of this work's weave structure-namely, that it is bound in weft-faced twill on both the face and the reverse-is more commonly seen in textiles of the tenth century and later.

  
  

Leggings

Date:
ca. 8th century A.D.
Geography:
Caucasus region
Medium:
Silk, linen
Dimensions:
31.5 in. (80.01 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Costumes
Credit Line:
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1996
Accession Number:
1996.78.2a, b

1994, sold at the Stuttgarter Kunst-Auktionshaus Dr. Fritz Nagel, Stuttgart, May 7, 1994, no. 18; acquired by the Museum in 1996, purchased from Rossi & Rossi Ltd., London

  
  

Caftan

Date:
ca. 8th century A.D.
Geography:
Caucasus region
Medium:
Silk, linen, fur
Dimensions:
L. 56 in. (142. 2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Costumes
Credit Line:
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1996
Accession Number:
1996.78.1
 Sasanian textile 

Textile fragment

Period:
Sasanian
Date:
ca. 6th–7th century A.D.
Geography:
Iran
Culture:
Sasanian
Medium:
Silk, samit
Dimensions:
1 x 2 in. (2.5 x 5.1 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Ronald Antonioli and Guitty Azarpay, 2000
Accession Number:
2000.624.4
 Sasanian textile 

Textile fragment

Period:
Sasanian
Date:
ca. 6th–7th century A.D.
Geography:
Iran
Culture:
Sasanian
Medium:
Silk, samit
Dimensions:
2.75 x 4.75 in. (7 x 12.1 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Ronald Antonioli and Guitty Azarpay, 2000
Accession Number:
2000.624.3
 

Purse

Period:
Tang dynasty (618–907)
Date:
8th–9th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
5 5/8 x 5 3/8 x 1 in. (14.3 x 13.7 x 2.5 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, Eileen W. Bamberger Bequest, in memory of her husband, Max Bamberger, 1996
Accession Number:
1996.39
 Syrian textile 

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
6th–7th century
Geography:
probably Syria
Medium:
Silk; samite (?)
Dimensions:
30 in. high 4.00 in. high (76.2 cm high cm high)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of George F. Baker, 1890
Accession Number:
90.5.17
  
 
 Persian textile 

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
7th–8th century
Geography:
probably Iran
Medium:
Silk
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1946
Accession Number:
46.156.13
  

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
5th–6th century
Geography:
Iran
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
8 in. high 6.00 in. wide (20.3 cm high 15.2 cm wide)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1907
Accession Number:
07.243.1
 

Textile with Processions of Rams

Date:
7th–8th century
Culture:
Central Asia or Eastern Iran
Medium:
Silk samite (weft-faced compound twill)
Dimensions:
Before Conservation: Warp 19 7/8 in. (50.5 cm); Weft 15 9/16 in. (39.5 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, Friends of Asian Art Gifts, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.134
 Sasanian textile 

Textile fragment

Period:
Sasanian
Date:
ca. 6th–7th century A.D.
Geography:
Iran
Culture:
Sasanian
Medium:
Silk, tapestry weave
Dimensions:
21 x 6 in. (53.3 x 15.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Ronald Antonioli and Guitty Azarpay, 2000
Accession Number:
2000.624.1
 Sasanian textile 

Fragment

Date:
8th–9th century
Geography:
probably Iran
Medium:
Silk; samite
Dimensions:
Textile: H. 8 1/4 in. (21 cm) W. 10 1/4 in. (26 cm) Mount: H. 11 7/8 (30.2 cm) W. 13 7/8 in. (35.2 cm) D. 1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1946
Accession Number:
46.156.6

Roundel

Object Name:
Roundel
Date:
6th–7th century
Geography:
Iraq or Syria
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
H: 5 1/4 in. (13.3 cm) W: 5 in. (12.7 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of George D. Pratt, 1929
Accession Number:
29.144.2
  

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
8th–9th century
Geography:
Iran
Medium:
Silk; woven
Dimensions:
H: 6 in. (15.2 cm) W: 5 1/2 in. (14 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1938
Accession Number:
38.147
 Sasanian textile 

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
8th–9th century
Geography:
Iran
Medium:
Silk; tapestry-woven
Dimensions:
H: 7 3/4 in. (19.7 cm) W: 8 in. (20.3 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1941
Accession Number:
41.119
 
  
  
 

Textile with Confronted Horned Animals in a Pearl Roundel

Date:
7th–9th century
Culture:
Sogdian (Central Asia)
Medium:
Woven silk: weft-faced compound twill (samite)
Dimensions:
Overall: 10 x 15 1/2 in. (25.4 x 39.4 cm) b.: 9 3/4 x 15 in. (24.8 x 38.1 cm) Mount (with plexi cover): 24 1/4 x 19 3/4 in. (61.6 x 50.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1996
Accession Number:
1996.1a, b

Description

This piece is a composite of two halves of a roundel from different parts of the same length of cloth. Together, they form slightly more than one pearl roundel containing confronted horned animals, probably bulls. The textile represents a type that was known to early Arab historians and geographers as Zandaniji. A complete loom piece of the type in Huy, Belgium, bears an inscription with the word Zandaniji written in the language of Sogdian merchants, who were the most important intermediaries in the silk trade during the Tang dynasty (618–907). The patterns of these silks derive from the arts of the late Sasanian period (224–637), but technical aspects set them apart from other textiles with similar patterns.

  
  

Textile, fragments

Object Name:
Textile, fragments
Date:
6th–7th century
Geography:
probably Egypt or Syria
Medium:
Silk
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1946
Accession Number:
46.156.18b, c
  
  
  

Shosoin fragment

Period:
Tang dynasty (618–907)
Culture:
China
Medium:
Silk compound twill
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Seymour Fund, 1965
Accession Number:
65.213.2
  
  
  

Twill damask with paired birds and floral pattern

Date:
late 8th–9th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
Overall (warp) 27-9/16 x overall weft: 21-5/8 in. (70.0 x 54.9 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Hotung, Brooke Astor, and Barbara and William Karatz Gifts, 1998
Accession Number:
1998.274
  
  
  

Textile Fragment with Confronted Deer in Partial Pearl Roundel with Serrated Outer Border

Date:
8th–9th century
Culture:
Eastern Iran or Sogdiana
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
13 3/8 x 17 5/16 in. (34 x 44 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, Rogers Fund, by exchange, 2006
Accession Number:
2006.472
  
  
  

Fragment

Period:
Nara period (710–794), Tempyô (729–749)
Date:
8th century
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
Silk / Brocaded
Dimensions:
100 x 100 in. (253.98 x 253.97 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1944
Accession Number:
44.48.11c
  
  
  

Roundel with Amazons and a Cross

Date:
7th–9th century (?)
Geography:
Made in, Egypt or Syria (?)
Culture:
Byzantine
Medium:
Weft-faced compound twill (samit) in green, beige, and brownish silk
Dimensions:
8 3/16 x 8 1/4 in. (20.8 x 20.9 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Hayford Peirce, 1987
Accession Number:
1987.442.5
  • Provenance

    Hayford Peirce (1883 - 1946)Collection (until 1946); Mrs. Hayford Peirce, San Diego (by descent; until 1987)

  
  
 Egyptian textile 

Guilloche Lattice with Pinecone (?)

Date:
7th–9th century
Geography:
Made in, Egypt
Culture:
Byzantine
Medium:
Weft-faced compound twill (samit) in red, black, and blue silk
Dimensions:
Overall: 7 7/8 x 6 5/8in. (20 x 16.9cm) Framed: 12 1/4 x 11 x 1 1/2 in. (31.1 x 27.9 x 3.8 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of Nanette B. Kelekian, in honor of Nobuko Kajitani, 2002
Accession Number:
2002.239.27
 Early Islamic textile 

Woven Tapestry Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
mid-8th century
Geography:
Iran, Iraq, or Egypt
Medium:
Wool; tapestry weave
Dimensions:
Textile: L. 12 in. (30.5 cm) W. 18 3/4 in. (47.6 cm) Mount: L. 23 13/16 in. (60.5 cm) W. 17 13/16 in. (45.2 cm) D. 7/8 in. (2.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1950
Accession Number:
50.83
The overall pattern on this tapestry-woven cloth, possibly a floor covering, with staggered rows of rosettes, resembles textiles depicted on the rock reliefs of the late sixth- to early seventh-century Sasanian monument at Taq-i Bustan. On the basis of inscriptions on two closely related textiles, this fragment has been dated to the reign of the Umayyad caliph Marwan II (r. 744–49).
  
  

Boar's Head Roundels

Date:
7th century
Culture:
Central Asia
Medium:
Silk split-stitch embroidery on plain-weave silk
Dimensions:
Warp 22 1/16 in. (56 cm); weft (selvedge to selvedge) 18 7/8 in. (48 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered
Credit Line:
Purchase, Sir Joseph Hotung Gift, 2004
Accession Number:
2004.260
  
  
 Tang Textile 

Textile with Confronted Birds

Period:
Tang dynasty (618–907)
Date:
early 8th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Silk embroidery on plain-weave silk
Dimensions:
Overall: 12 1/4 x 12 1/8 in. (31.1 x 30.8 cm) Mount (with plexi cover): 15 x 14 1/2 in. (38.1 x 36.8 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1996
Accession Number:
1996.103.2
  • Although symmetry is a basic element of Chinese design, the motif of a pair of confronted animals or birds on either side of a plant was not known in China until the opening of the silk routes in the second century B.C. The pattern seen on this embroidery—birds standing on lotus blossoms (a motif derived from Buddhist art)—was popular in the early Tang period.

  
  
 Tang Textile 

Embroidered Textile with Dragons and Lotuses

Period:
Tang dynasty (618–907)
Date:
7th–8th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
8 11/16 x 13 3/8 in. (22 x 34 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered
Credit Line:
Purchase, The B. D. G. Leviton Foundation Gift, 2007
Accession Number:
2007.296a, b
  
  
  

Textile with Confronted Horses in Roundels

Date:
8th–9th century
Culture:
Central Asia
Medium:
Woven silk
Dimensions:
Before conservation: greatest height 15 15/16 in. (40.5 cm) x greatest width 19 1/8 in. (48.6 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Vincent Astor Foundation Gift, 2006
Accession Number:
2006.173
  
  
  

Woven Textile with Male Bust in Pearl Roundel

Date:
7th–8th century
Culture:
Central Asia
Medium:
Silk
Dimensions:
Overall: H. 7 in. (17.8 cm); Warp 26 3/8 in. (67 cm); Weft 6 3/4 in. (17.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Vincent Astor Foundation Gift, 2008
Accession Number:
2008.79
  
 Sasanian textile 

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
5th century
Geography:
Iran
Medium:
Silk, linen (?); samite (?)
Dimensions:
1 in. high 6.00 in. wide (2.5 cm high 15.2 cm wide)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of George F. Baker, 1890
Accession Number:
90.5.7a
  • Emil Brugsch-Bey(until 1890; sold to Baker); George F. Baker, New York (1890)

  

Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
5th century
Geography:
Iran
Medium:
Silk; samite (?)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Gift of George F. Baker, 1890
Accession Number:
90.5.19b
  • Provenance

    Emil Brugsch-Bey(until 1890; sold to Baker); George F. Baker, New York (1890)

  
  
  
  

Woven Silk, with Addorsed Griffins in Roundels and Pseudo-Kufic Inscription

Date:
late 13th–early 14th century
Culture:
Central Asian, Sicilian, or North African
Medium:
Silk, silver-gilt metal on parchment over cotton
Dimensions:
69 1/4 x 38 1/4 in. (175.9 x 97.2 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1984
Accession Number:
1984.344